Who was Ruth really? What does the Torah really reveal about Ruth?
Ruth could not be a Moabite because she was the great grandmother of King David. King David was the third generation from Ruth and Boaz.
Moabites were not allowed in the Holy Temple. If you married a Moabite, your descendants would not be allowed in the Holy Temple for ten generations!
Deu 23:3 An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the L-RD; even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the congregation of G-d for ever:
King David was the 3rd Generation from Ruth and Boaz. If Ruth had been a Moabite, she would not have BEEN allowed in the temple and her descendants could not go in the Temple until the tenth Generation. David was the third generation from Ruth and Boaz. His father was Jesse, his grandfather was Obed and his great grandfather was Boaz. If Ruth was a Moabite, KING DAVID WOULD NOT BE ALLOWED IN THE TEMPLE.
1Ch_2:11 And Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz,
1Ch_2:12 And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse,
David went into the Temple. We see him in I Sam 21 going to get the Temple Bread. Also his descendants until the ten generation would not be allowd in the Temple also. We know that Solomon was in the Temple. HE BUILT and DEDICATED THE HOLY TEMPLE!
The Bible records historical proof that the Amorites and Moabites were pushed out of the land of Moab. So the people who lived in Moav were THE ISRAELITES. This means Ruth was from an Israelite tribe. Below is the proof:
Ruth 1:2 reads,
“In the days when the Judges ruled in Israel, a severe famine came upon the land. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah left his home and went to live in the country of Moav, taking his wife and two sons with him.
G-d promised Judah “The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh comes…” (Genesis 49:10).
G-d instructed the Israelites that they could not set a foreigner (non Israelite) King to rule over them in the Land. All Kings had to be Israelites from the line of Judah.
Deu 17:15 Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the L-RD thy G-d shall choose: one from among your brethren shalt there be set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother.
Ruth was an Israelite living in the land of Moab.
She was NOT or ever was of the Moabite lineage. Yes she certainly may have been influenced by the Moabite culture, but it did not change her lineage as a Jewish women. We know that Joshua took control of the plains of Moav and the local residents were asked to leave their land that they rightfully owned as commanded by G-d. This territory north of the Arnon River, and east of the Jordan River, was settled by the tribes of Israel known as Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh. The three tribes to the east were said to live in the “land of Moav”.
“So Hashem our God also delivered into our hands Og king of Bashan, with all his people, and we attacked him until he has no survivors remaining!”
“And at that time we took the land from the hand of the two kings of the Amorites who were on this side of the Jordan, from the River Arnon to Mount Hermon…” (Deuteronomy 3:3,8).
In another place the Torah records that no racial Moabites were left alive in the land (Deuteronomy 2:34). However, the race of the Moabites were not wiped out they were located in other lands. They would continue to pop up in history.
Deu 2:34 And we took all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed the men, and the women, and their children even their sheep and ox, of every city, they left none to remain:
The land was now inhabited by the tribes of Reuben, Gad and Manasseh (Deuteronomy 29:8).
So no Moabite remained!
Deu 29:1 These are the words of the covenant, which Hashem commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, beside the covenant which he made with them in Horeb.
Deu 29:8 And we took their land, and gave it for an inheritance unto the Reubenites, and to the Gadites, and to the half tribe of Manasseh.
Joshua 13:32 :
“These are the areas which Moses had distributed as an inheritance in the PLAINS OF MOAB on the other side of the Jordan, by Jericho eastward.”
Numbers 21:26-31, we read:
‘For Heshbon was the city of Sihon, King of the Amorites, who had fought against the former King of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon … Woe unto thee, Moab! Thou art undone, 0 people of Chemosh: he hath given his sons that escaped, and his daughters, into captivity unto Sihon, King of the Amorites … Thus Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites’
‘Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz. And the Lord our G-d delivered him before us; we smote him and his sons and all his people. And we took all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed the men and the women and the children of every city, NONE to remain’.
Apparently there were still Moabites in other regions because there was accounts of them.
Deuteronomy 3:12-16, Moses tells us:
‘And this land which we possessed at that time, from Aroer which is by the River Arnon, and half Mount Gilead, and the cities thereof, gave I unto the Reubenites and to the Gadites. And the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, being the kingdom of Og, gave I unto the half Tribe of Manasseh …. And unto the Reubenites and unto the Gadites I gave from Gilead even unto the River Arnon half the valley, and the border even unto the River Yabbok, which is the border of the Children of Ammon’.
Ruth 1:2 reads,
In the days when the judges ruled in Israel, a severe famine came upon the land. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah left his home and went to live in the country of Moab, taking his wife and two sons with him.
Here is the explanation:
Ruth never had a son from her husband Naomi’s son. There were no other sons left alive for Ruth to marry and carry on the family line of Naomi.
Research leverite marriage we see in Torah Deuteronomy 25:5,6:
“If brothers dwell together, and one of them dies and has no son, the widow of the dead man shall not be married to a stranger outside the family; her husband’s brother shall go in to her, take her as his wife, and perform the duty of a husbands brother to her, and it shall be that the firstborn son which she bears will succeed to the name of his dead brother, that his name may not be blotted out of Israel.”
Ruth 4:13-17: “So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife; and when he went in to her, Hashem gave her conception, and she bore a son.”
“Then the women said to Naomi, ‘Blessed be the Lord, who has not left you this day without a NEAR KINSMAN ; and may his name be famous in Israel! And may he be to you a Restoration of life for you…’. “Also the neighbor women gave him a name, saying, ‘There is a son born to Naomi.“
“And all the people who were at the gate, and the elders, said, ‘We are witnesses. The L-rd make the woman who is coming to your house like Rachel and Leah, the two WHO BUILT the house of Israel; and may you prosper in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem.
May your house be like the house of Perez, whom TAMAR bore to Judah, because of the offspring which G-d will give to you from this young woman.’”
The people understood that Ruth’s blood line came from Tamar is the mother of both Zarah and Pharez – the royal blood line of Judah. They understood that it was this bloodline that was father the Kings of Israel. This was also the bloodline that the Messiah will be through that also will be from King David from the tribe of Judah. Ruth was King David’s Grandmother.
So in conclusion Ruth was in fact Jewish and she might looked like a Moabite in dress or she was simply addressed as a Moabite because of the region she lived in and was not Moabite by lineage but in fact she was a Jewish woman most likely from one of the tribes in that region. It is said by the Jewish Sages that Ruth’s family were the cultivators of the Balm of Gilead.
Balm of Gilead or a blend was most likely the perfume she used when she visited with Boaz on the threshing floor.
Ruth 3:3-5 what does Naomi tell Ruth to do before and after she goes to the threshing-floor that night? Naomi tells Ruth to: Wash, perfume yourself and put on your cloak. Go to the threshing-floor. Do not let Boaz recognize you during the feasting When he sleeps, lie down at his feet and uncover him. Do whatever he tells you to do.
Is it possible that Naomi does not want Boaz to know which young woman is uncovering him in the night? If he recognizes Ruth or smells her perfume and identifies with her from earlier in the evening by seeing her face, Boaz may refuse her as the widow of his kinsman.
When he awoke and saw her, she suggested he ”cover her with his blanket”, but Ruth came to Boaz for marriage. Boaz was only too happy to oblige. Soon after, they were married, and Ruth had a son, Obed, who was the father of Jesse, who was the father of King David. So Ruth, once the destitute outsider, became the great-grand-mother of a king. Naomi, who had lost her husband and two sons, now held her little grandson close, becoming his nurse.
The Jewish Sages tell us that Ruth had a veil of aroma swirling in her hair, and in her clothes like a new wedding dress. Ruth came unto Boaz with the intent to become his wife. She used Aroma as her wedding dress and veil to secure that according to the directions of Naomi.
According to the Torah the evidence shows that Ruth was not a convert as most would claim, but in fact the evidence shows she was Jewish in lineage. Much more evidence of the Biblical texts tells us that Moabites were not ever to be apart of the Jewish people and never was no matter if it was man or women or child.
I am not saying converts cannot be apart of Israel no way. HOWEVER The biblical texts are clear that G-d said no one was to marry a Moabite nor were they allowed to be among the Israelites Because if they do then the one who transgress this law could not enter the Holy Temple and be considered a outcast for 10 generations which they no longer be apart of the Jewish people.
Esav Jacob’s brother married Moabite women and he became a outcast by G-d and lost his birthright as the eldest son who could have been the one to have twelve sons. But no he transgressed this law and was no longer apart of G-ds people. Can gentiles convert they certainly can, but can a Moabite convert absolutely not!
The story of Ruth seems to imply she made tshuva (return- repent) back to G-d and his Torah and it was through Naomi that she did so. Is it a story of her love for Naomi and Boaz. Is it a story f her return? Is it about Chesed and tzedakah (kindness and chairity)? I truly think it is all of the above. WE can glean so much from the book of Ruth.
You draw your own conclusions after reading ALL the texts in context.
Happy Sweet Shavuot
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Utilizing the Ancient power of Nature’s Essence to bring balance your Spirit, to heal the Body, and awaken the Mind. ~Rambam (Jewish Doctor and Mishna Sage in Cairo’s Jewish community 1135-1204 BCE)
And he made the Moshiach Shemen and the pure Ketoret of sweet b’somim, after the art of the perfumer. ~Shemos 37:29 (Exodus)
These oils are created in a ancient method by Maceration technique and has been proven to be a very precise technique. According to Patricia Davis, in Aromatherapy: An A-Z, maceration of plants pre-dates the process of extracting essential oils. Ancient civilizations such as Israelites simply stood jars of plant material out in the sun to macerate. Infused, or macerated, oils hold similar medicinal properties to those extracted to produce an essential oil; however, some plants can be macerated that do not produce an essential oil too.
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